2 edition of Globalization, export-oriented employment and social policy found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 90 p. :|
|Number of Pages||94|
nodata File Size: 1MB.
Events Programme Area: Globalization, Export-Oriented Employment and Social Policy: Gendered Connections This Publication's. In spite of the extended discussion of rights and citizenship in the global economy, little attention has hitherto been paid to the implications for women's entitlements arising out of their pivotal role in export sectors.
On the other hand, if the comparison is with Globalization alternative set of policy options that would have given priority to meeting basic needs, then conclusions about the necessity and desirability of structural adjustment are likely to be less sanguine.
ManamaBahrain Seminar on " Market Access and Selected WTO Issues" La Havana, Cuba. Hong Kong Roundtable on " Gender Equality, Trade Policy and Development" 11 September 2003.
Although poor working conditions for women are cited as a characteristic of maquiladora employment [—], observers of export-oriented employment elsewhere in the world argue: "The reality is that, for many women, working in exports is better than the alternatives of working or being unemployed in the domestic economy"  p.
This poses an important challenge for designing coherent national economic and social policies in terms of how the rural sector can provide employment and adequate incomes for often the majority of the population, while at the same time contributing to structural changes required for a faster industrial development. Poverty reduction has replaced structural adjustment in the official vocabulary of the Export-oriented employment and social policy Bank and the IMF, but similar macroeconomic policy directions can be observed in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers PRSPs that must be approved by the World Bank and IMF before countries can receive debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries HIPC initiative and its successor program, the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative MDRIboth of which are discussed in the third article in the series.
A theme that emerges consistently across clusters is the "asymmetrical" character of contemporary globalization and its impacts, and the increasingly unequal distribution within and across national borders of gains, losses, and ability to influence globalization's outcomes. The basic social injustice faced by workers in the informal economy where national laws either do not apply or are not enforced will also need to be addressed. Types of exports [ ] There are essentially two types of exports used in this context: and.
The Policy Coherence Initiative on Growth, Investment and Employment is an attempt to improve upon the status quo.
In this second article, we identify and describe several, often interacting clusters of pathways that lead from globalization to changes in SDH that are relevant to health equity and provide an analytical starting point for more context-specific research. Mexico actively embraced economic integration well before trade liberalization Globalization entrenched through the North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA. Date: 1 Jun 2002 Pub. This underlying logic of asymmetry links the range of findings reported, in summary form and with illustrative examples, in the sections that follow.
This shift can be substantial. Substantial opportunities for employment and income gains exist, but: "Global value chain pressures are [also] associated with increasing casualization Globalization labour and excessive hours of work"  p. Manufactured goods are the exports most commonly used to achieve export-led growth.
This paper takes a broad, structural framework, one that attempts to take into account important shifts in the global economy which have redefined many of the standard assumptions about economic development, employment, and social policy.
This raises the risk premium faced by investors and therefore reduces the inducement to invest.
Like many other aspects of globalization [—], its transformation of labour markets affects men and women differently .
, UNOG Library, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10 20 Feb 2015• For example, in 2010, led to a shortage of.
29 January — 2 February 2001 Expert Meeting on " International Arrangements for Transfer of Technology: Access to Technology and Capacity-building".