5 edition of [Optical scattering and microphysical properties of subvisual cirrus clouds, and climatic implications] found in the catalog.
Distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.Microfiche. [Washington, D.C. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1989] 1 microfiche.
|Statement||National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
|Publishers||National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 84 p. :|
|Number of Pages||88|
|2||NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-183301.|
nodata File Size: 7MB.
04, the upper limit OD value of the hatched area marking undetected and partly invisible contrails. Ice crystal number emission index per kilogram of fuel burnt in the jet regime as a function of the number emission index of emitted soot particles simulated by a parcel model.
The main purpose of this lidar is to study the optical characteristics of the mid- and high-level ice clouds at two wavelengths — 532 and 1064 nm.1986: Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: A global perspective.
In the cooling plumes, these particles interact with condensable vapours—mainly emitted water vapour—and ionised gas molecules. 6 indicates the predominance of chaotically oriented particles and a small proportion of horizontally oriented particles.and Coauthors, 2013: Retrieval of cloud properties using CALIPSO imaging infrared radiometer. We set one plate e. Small direct RF contributions from aircraft water vapour and particle emissions together nearly cancel out and are therefore not shown.1992: Strong and weak forms of the method of moments and the coupled dipole method for scattering of time-harmonic electromagnetic-fields.
Figure 4Diagram of the rotation of the phase plates.
However, in this study, the main objective is the investigation of the shape of the optical depth distribution rather than the absolute value. The cirrus detection systemconnected to the receiver by the optical fibers, is composed of a primary lens that provides a collimated beam followed by an interference filter.
: Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: a global perspective, J. Penner, 2012: Simulation of the global contrail radiative forcing: A sensitivity analysis. While one observational case study is consistent with those predictionsuncertainties in aircraft measurements of ice supersaturation and ice crystal number concentrations in fresh contrails have prevented direct verification of these results.
: A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing: II. Global annual mean radiative forcing due to aircraft-induced clouds. And climatic implications], 2011: Small ice particles in tropospheric clouds: Fact or artifact? : Horizontally oriented plates in clouds, J. The space between the particle and absorbing boundary layer is called "white space". Once the amplitudes of dipole moments denoted in Eq. Plumes from multiple aircraft engines merge with the vortex pair, forming an inhomogeneous wake.
The system is based on the second harmonic of a pulsed Nd:Yag laser, which emits pulses of 300 mJ output energy at 532 nm with 50 Hz repetition rate.
Scatter plot in represent the interdependence of measured optical depth of cirrus clouds categorized with depolarization ratio for the year 2013.
However, the depolarization ratio for molecular scattering depends significantly on the bandwidth of interference filter used, since rotational Raman lines can contribute to the signal Young, 1980; She, 2001.
352 x 10 10 -3.