1 edition of BODY SIZE VALUES AND PERCEPTIONS OF OVERWEIGHT AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN. found in the catalog.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 57-07, Section: B, page: 4299.Thesis (PH.D.)--UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO, HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER, 1996.School code: 0806.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 87 p. :|
|Number of Pages||79|
Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model as a conceptual framework, this exploratory, descriptive study examined how the prevalence of obesity in African-American women is related to their body size values and perceptions of overweight, and whether these values and perceptions are culture-bound. Face-to-face interviews were conducted in health care sites, participants homes and work sites. Using a semi-structured interview guide and a body size values tool, each participant was asked to indicate which body size she and her significant others considered to be most attractive for herself and women in general.The 42 African-American women in this study represented a wide range of ages, incomes, educational backgrounds, and weights. Based on body mass indices, participants were assigned to one of three weight categories: normal, overweight, or severe overweight. Statistically significant differences were noted among the weight categories for income, education, and number of pregnancies. Sixty percent of the participants indicated a preference for the two smallest body sizes for themselves, and 74% of the participants considered these same body sizes as most attractive for women in general. Of the women who indicated that at least one significant other cared about their weight, 55% selected the same two smallest body sizes as what they assumed their significant others would prefer for them and as most attractive for women in general. Although 67% of the participants were either overweight or severely overweight, only 7% ever recalled a health professional discussing weight as a risk factor prior to their actually being diagnosed with a weight-related disease.The study demonstrated that African-American women, as well as their significant others, appear to espouse biomedical standards as their own weight preferences. The study also indicated a great need for health professionals to develop culturally sensitive methods of approaching issues related to the risks and treatment of overweight. File Size: 4MB.
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We also thank Alex Blakemore and Andy Parton BUL for their comments on an early draft of the manuscript.
Although studies regarding obesity perception have been conducted in many low-income and middle-income countries LMICsinformation on body size self-perception and willingness to lose weight among Nepalese adults is limited. Lynch E, Liu K, Spring B, Hankinson A, Wei GS, Greenland P.
Percent accuracy was then submitted to a repeated measures factorial ANOVA, with the Stimulus Gender Female, MaleStimulus Race Types African American, Caucasian American, Green Avatarand Stimulus Weight Categories Underweight, Normal, Overweight, Obese as within-subject factors, and Participant Genders Female, Male and Participant Race Types African American, Caucasian American as between-subject factors.
JAMA 319 3221—222 2018. If our children walk taking the juice bottles and drinking juices, then that reflects a higher status. The current protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Tennessee Health Science Center Protocol no. Keywords: African American women; body image; body mass index; overweight; weight perception.
Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. This finding contradicted findings from a study examining the sociocultural influences on attitudes towards obesity among Moroccan Saharawi women, in which obese and overweight women had no desire to lose weight . In contrast, when viewing male underweight body stimuli, both African—American and Caucasian participants performed accurately and made fewer errors of mis-categorization, but Caucasians performed relatively better than African—American CA 86.
I was told to eat more during my childbirth. 3 High school or more 11 50. Three of the blocks were selected using a simple random sampling technique toss of a die.
We thank Chris Baker NIMH and Robert Ogg St. An overestimation of body size was also found in a previous study conducted on Saharawi women living in Morocco, who share similar cultural norms as the sample in the present study, in which the majority of women desired to gain weight, particularly before marriage .
Gender differences in verbal and visual perceptions were examined using Chi-square test. Do men hold African—American and Caucasian women to different standards of beauty?. Patient and public involvement The study design and objectives were informed by previous findings from the DHS study, which indicated the high prevalence of obesity and poor cardiovascular health literacy among the community members.
Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Brunel University London, Gaskell Building, Room 219, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH, UK Annie W.
To control overfitting, we implemented fivefold cross-validation. Although few numbers of HPs were interviewed in this study, we have considered to include them from the different healthcare levels. Most of the studies in Nepal are so far concentrated on modifying individual behaviours to prevent obesity. Circos plot illustrates the impact of gender and race type of the stimuli during categorization of overweight bodies.
The distribution of BMI categories by gender and age groups is presented in Table.
Studies have shown that people with normal BMI are at risk of cardiovascular diseases because of central obesity.
A survey of weight perception and social desirability of obesity among adults in Kano metropolis, Northern Nigeria.